World Population Awareness Why Population Matters Having one fewer child is the most effective way an individual would have to fight climate change. The next best actions are selling your car, avoiding long flights, and eating a vegetarian diet, according to a study published in Environmental Research Letters. These four actions reduce emissions many times more than things like recycling, using low energy light bulbs or drying washing on a line.
Posted on November 21, by energyskeptic Preface. But the need for a new, cleaner fuel may cause the next economic crisis. What follows are excerpts from P.
Here are a few summary paragraphs from this paper: There is, though, a market constraint to this option. Volumes of low-sulfur crude oil are limited, and supplies are less certain because these crudes are produced primarily in Nigeria, a country that suffers frequent, politically induced market disruptions.
Thus, when the inflexible refiners begin bidding for Nigerian oil, prices will rise, perhaps as much as three or four-fold. IEA economists explained at the time that the oil price rise from to resulted in part from the frenzied bidding for limited quantities of low-sulfur crude oil, especially supplies from Nigeria.
Insuch refiners contentiously bid for low-sulfur crude, driving prices higher as they sought to avoid closure. This inability to process higher-sulfur crude oils created a peculiar situation.
Ships loaded with such crudes were stranded on the high seas because the cargo owners could not find buyers. At the same time, prices for light sweet crudes rose to record levels. The desperate need for low-sulfur crudes caused buyers to bid their prices higher and higher.
This situation will reoccur in The global refining industry will not be able to produce the additional volumes of low-sulfur diesel and low-sulfur fuel oil required by the maritime industry. In some cases, refiners will close because they cannot find buyers for the high-sulfur fuel they had sold as ship bunkers.
In others, refiners will seek lighter, low-sulfur crude oils, bidding up prices as they did in This price increase may be double the rise, however, because the magnitude of the fuel shift is greater and the refining industry is less prepared.
The crude price rise will send all product prices higher. Diesel prices will lead, but gasoline and jet fuel will follow. As Wikipedia explains, the aphorism warns of the importance of logistics, of having sufficient supplies of critical materials. The global economy likely faces an economic crash of horrible proportions innot for want of a nail but want of low-sulfur diesel fuel.
Economic activity will slow and, in some places, grind to a halt. Food costs will climb as farmers, unable to pay for fuel, reduce plantings.
Deliveries of goods and materials to factories and stores will slow or stop. Vehicle sales will plummet, especially those of gas-guzzling sport utility vehicles SUVs.
One or more major US automakers will face bankruptcy, even closure. Housing foreclosures will surge in the United States, Europe, and other parts of the world.
Millions will join the ranks of the unemployed as they did in All for the want of low-sulfur diesel fuel or gasoil. The International Maritime Organization IMO decreed that oceangoing ships must adopt measures to limit sulfur emissions or burn fuels containing less than 0.
The sulfur rule takes effect January 1, These users purchase diesel fuel or gasoil, the petroleum product that accounts for the largest share of products consumed.
In most countries, they must buy low-sulfur diesel fuel to reduce pollution. While higher prices are worrisome, they should not by themselves lead to a major recession.
However, these estimates assume that crude prices do not change. Difficulties will arise because crude oil is not a homogeneous commodity like, for example, bottles of Jack Daniels Kentucky sour mash.James Howard Kunstler is the author of many books including (non-fiction) The Geography of Nowhere, The City in Mind: Notes on the Urban Condition, Home from Nowhere, The Long Emergency, and Too Much Magic: Wishful Thinking, Technology and the Fate of the Nation.
As an amusing side note, in a science essay called "The Sight Of Home" Isaac Asimov once calculated how far an interstellar colony would have to be from Terra before Sol was too dim to be seen in the colony's night sky with the naked schwenkreis.com out that colonies further than 20 parsecs (65 light-years) cannot see Mankind's Homestar, because Sol's apparent magnitude is dimmer than 6.
America’s Reliance on Fossil Fuels Essay. most abundant of fossil fuels, and will be available for much longer than oil.
Having been harvested and burned since the 13th century, a massive infrastructure has been formed to quickly and efficiently mine, deliver, and burn coal. - Fossil Fuels Fossil fuels are created from organic material that was created millions of years ago.
Petroleum, a fossil fuel gets its name from two words, "petra" meaning rock and "oleum" which means oil.
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